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tonight on "worldfocus" -- religious leaders in yemen decry what they call foreign interference even as the united states reportedly is more deeply involved than ever in secret military missions there. united states and russia move closer to a new deal to reduce nuclear arm. has president obama succeeded in the resetting relations with moscow? on the 65th anniversary of the liberation of the auschwitz nazi death camp, we will show you how survivors are coping all these years later. and the smash hit "avatar" makes its way to china. it's that or a new film about the life of confucius. from the different perspectives of reporters and analysts from around the globe, this is "worldfocus." major support has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the
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peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional funding is provided by the following supporters -- good evening. i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. we begin tonight with the issue of terrorism and the escalating battle against it in yemen. shortly after the attempted bombing of the u.s. jetliner on christmas day, the british government called an international meeting on yemen where the suspected bomber is thought to have received his training. that conference was held today k in london with officials from yemen and about 20 other countries. there seem to be broad agreement that yemen needs help in fighting the root causes of terrorism, economic, social and political. at the same time, the secretary of state hillary clinton challenged the leaders. >> the government of yemen must do more.
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this must be a partnership if it is to have a successful outcome. >> in fact they are promising economic and political reform. in advance of the london meeting, some of yemen's important tribal leaders met and voiced strong resistance to foreign military involvement. our lead focus tonight comes from al jazeera english who is in yemen. >> reporter: the two most influential men in yemen after the president coming to give voice and lend their weight to wishes and concerns. these are the leaders at the grass root level. not just religious clerics but tribal sheikhs. people whose word is heard and heeded both by the government and the general public. the timing is significant just before the london conference and the message is one yemen can handle its own problems. there is no need for foreign intervention.
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>> what led to us hurry up and hold this meeting is the london conference. we don't want a conference that lead to a reoccupation or division of yemen. we reject foreign intervention in the most categorical matter. if they come, we'll be like iraq or afghanistan or somalia. we don't want yemen to be another somalia or iraq or afghanistan. >> reporter: the meeting ended with a statement calling for national unity, an end to the fighting in the north and separatism in the south. the government's clear message. yemen's foreign minister will reiterate this at the london conference. he will say yemen welcomes outside assistance from the outside world but not troops. the country's ravaged by poverty and unemployment, often seen as a breeding ground for political unrest and social upheaval and there is a tradition of corrupt government and practice here.
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one of the key issues, one they want to address. another will be political reform, democracy and rule of law are key to fixing the woes of yemen. tribalism, as much as it can help control the masses, dramatically undermines the influence and efficiency of the central state. yemen has rallied behind the government in its fight against al qaeda but any heavy security crackdown leads to citizen deaths in rural areas could turn the tide against the government. something that could limit the military options. and they are still deeply concerned the country could be overrun and even occupied by foreign troops for a prolonged period of time. mistst on both sides make them worry they can't take out on their own. it is unlikely to be resolved during a one-day meeting in london. al jazeera.
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>> despite what you just heard, a rejection of foreign troops by yemen's leaders, the "washington post" reports today that american military teams and intelligence agencies have been deeply involved in secrejoint operations with yemeni troops for the last six weeks. those troops have reportedly killed six of the 15 top leaders of the al qaeda affiliate in yemen. the post reports the operations involve several dozen troops from the u.s. military's clandestine command whose main mission sow tracking is killing suspected terrorists. the american advisers tonight take part in raids in yes, ma'am yep, but help plan missions, he will tactics and provided weapons and munitions. highly sensitive intelligence is being shared with yemeni forces. for more on the challenge of forces dealing with al qaeda and
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other problems, we're joined by a professor of near eastern studies. thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> the "washington post," is saying the united states is deeply involved in secret military operations in yemen. according to your sources in yemen, how successful have these operations been and what are the chances of al qaeda being disabled? >> the u.s. government has supported some elements within the yemeni government to fight al qaeda. in fact, they've often used them. the u.s. has used a very successful attack using a predator drone once, killing an al qaeda operative. every other strike i know of has not been successful. >> this is one out of how many? >> i'm not actually sure. but i mean of predator stroke, we know of one confirmed strike. the yemeni government claim it was using its own air force and
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the more recent futures have not been successful. many civilians have died.)a$(@ñ and al qaeda has not been uprooted and will never be because of air strikes. >> what about the economic assistance from the west? but also the military assistance and the training in terms of these military operations. is that going to help root out, control or bring al qaeda under control in the arabian peninsula? >> i don't think so. i think you have to understand that al qaeda's presence in yemen is not necessarily anti-theticah. they have used it against their domestic enemies. it has had an team from with them that they can operate ible
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to an agreement with the government. but al qaeda is not the first priority of the yemeni government. it has many other problems but will still use it as an excuse. >> you've written about the multimiss at this of problems yemen faces and you've talked about it being a failed state in a tech aid from now in the same way that somalia is a failed state. talk a little about what you see these problems to be. >> there are some fundamental problems that have to do with the way the country is run. the president has been president since 1978. he has deliberately prevented institutions from being built. institution that's would allow for proper governance, transparency and accountability. >> just very briefly, if washington isn't going to be a solution here, what will help solve this problem? >> well, i've argued, that the the solution is a regional one.
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the saud especially because they are the dominant force in the region but also the gulf countries must come together and found a variety of ways to deal with it. >> thank you for joining us. >> we would also like to know. what do you think about the united states's role in yemen? should they be involved in dealing with al qaeda even as the use battles in afghanistan and iraq? you can tell us what you think by going to the how you see it section of our website. worldfocus.org. at that same meeting involving yemen today in london, the united states is also dealing with two other key issues. secretary of state hillary clinton pushed for a new round of international sanctions against iran if it continues to
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defy iran if its demands to prove that its nuclear program is solely for peaceful purposes. clinton discussed the issue with russian foreign minister sergei. in another area he said after the meeting that the united states and russia would complete a new treaty on reducing nuclear arms in the next few weeks to replace the treaty that expired early last month. the united states and russia hold 96% of the world's nuclear weapons. and that brings us to our latest installment of our continuing series that we call obama and the world. tonight's focus, american-russian relations. joining us, two of our regulars. the new york correspondent for russia's channel 1 television, and a former soviet foreign ministry official. he is now the exutive vice president of the independent global television network. rtvi.
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>> let's start with president obama. at the beginning of his term, there was a lot of discussion. not just by him but also members of his administration about resetting relations th moscow. has he succeeded in doing that? >> well, route now it seems the relations between russia and the united states are at a very amicable level. and at least we don't see the leader of each country at each other's throat. this is a good sign. what's going on in actual talks like the strategic arms limitation talks, we see that certain things are moving forward. certain things are stalled. this is not something that is looking like a big problem so the reset is working. >> do you think there is anything to report? >> i would agree with sergei. there were a lot of expectations
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when obama's ainistration first started talking about the resetting of theelations with russia. and even though the expectations were not completely fulfilled, one important thing one would notice is that there is a lot less frustration in the relations between the country leaders and exactly they're not at each other's throats. and they seem to be able to conduct negotiations in a very civilized manner. that's already an achievement in itself. >> right. but negotiations which have not yet produced any results. are these negotiations going anywhere? other than the fact the relationship is amicable, where whatever about the policies? >> the nuclear arms treaty seems to be going to the route direction. but there is a huge issue that they cannot agree upon. and surprisingly, it is not the cutting of the arsenals but the
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issue of control and inspections of each other's arsenals. >> let's talk about when president obama went to russia, he seemed to get a very lukewarm reception. possibly that was to do with in terms of how the media reported it and that message was received out in the rest of the world. is he popular? is he more popular than he was when he initially went out there? what do you think? what's going on? >> people are following the event in the states. you can't really say that he is very popular as political figure. people are still following what he does and what he says. >> and michelle obama does more. >> she seems to be way more popular in russia. russian tv networks seem to cover every little gesture that she makes. gardening at the white house, the fashion sense, what not. >> by the way, american
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president is a very respected figure in russia. always. the american president would be someone to respect. regardless of the ideology issues. what i would like to add to what he has been saying, it is very different in between the russian segment of the population. the majority of it is probably very much in apathy between what's going to in russia and the united states. the intellectuals, people in the think tanks, people in the higher education institutions, and part of educated youth are very much in favor of what obama is trying to do. trying to accomplish. >> let's talk a bill will some of russia's foreign policy issues. ghanistan, for example. of course, russia had its own disastrous experience in that part of the world. what is russia trying to do now in that region? what are its strategic aims? what are its strategic goals?
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are they being accomplished? >> influence is the name of the game. now that russia is trying very hard to make it self the influential world power, whatever is happening in the neighboring countries and includinthe former soviet influenced areas like the former soviet republics, eastern europe and afghanistan and pakistan, where the soviet union has always been trying to present some image, this continues to be a not much of a political kind of task but rather an image kind of task. >> i agree with sergei. russia's involvement in afghanistan would have to be a lesser scale than in the soviet era. russian trps will never be in
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afghanistan. that would be extremely unpopular with russian people. there will be some cooperation in terms of transferring military expertise. >> let's talk about iran for a second. russia's cooperation is going to be needed if iran is going to be pressured over its nuclear program, if it comes to the question of more stringent sanctions. is russia ready to go along with the united states and whatever western partners? >> i believe what the russian government is trying to do, or trying to be very opportunistic about how the situation is playing out. so it will depend on what comes up in the next few months. what will be more materialistically beneficial to n government, they will pursue that scenario. >> thank you for joining us. >> thank you.
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some good economic news from around the world tonight. japan's exports rose more than 12% in december from a year earlier. it is the first time that they have gone up in 15 months. the increase has been attributed to growing demand for japanese goods from other countries in asia, especially in china. a recovery in exports is helping germany as well, and was part of the german government revised its projection of economic growth upwards to 1.4% for this year. but german consumers like many here in this country are still holding back. germany's economy minister said personal consumption at home will not contribute to the economic growth this year.
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also in germany today, a remembrance of the holocaust on the 65th anniversary of the liberation of the nazi concentration camp at auschwitz in poland. the president of israel made a solemn address to the german parliament saying that as survivors of the holocaust depart this world, there are those who perpetrated the holocaust who must still be prosecuted. >> translator:en who took part in the most odious activity on earth still live on gean and european soil and other parts of the world. my request of you is please do everything to bring them to justice. >> at auschwitz, the anniversary of the liberation of the camp was observed today by elderly survivors and others on the annual international holocaust remembrance day. some were dressed in the uniforms of those held at auschwitz and other camps.
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israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu attended the ceremony with poland's top leaders. by the end of world war ii, more than 1 million people were put to death. the past is never far from the present. dealing with it after so many decades is often difficult for we were struck by a story from israel by our german partner deutsch welle. >> reporter: once a week these men and women come together in jerusalem at the coalition for jewish concerns. a common fate binds them together. everyone here is a survivor of the holocaust and everyone has a story to tell. a story of forced labor. of the camps. of the death marches. of the loss of parents, brothers and sisters from dachau to auschwitz.
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>> these people are my people they went through what i went through. that binds us together. >> for most, yiddish was their mother tongue. in their old age, he helps them to overcome the difficulties they have of speaking of the past. there are plenty of social activities but there is also psychotherapy. either individually or in groups. these people are haunted by their past. like rivka wolf who lost her entire family. >> it is about 20 years, perhaps, that i don't stop thinking about this. it makes me crazy.
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it's like, it sticks to me and i can't get rid of it. >> to this very day, her generation suffers greatly. but the children of the survivors are also affected. that's the case with this person who is a co-worker and helper. >> the parents, the survivors didn't speak about the holocaust because they were trying to protect their own children from the horrors that they had experienced. at the same time they deprived their children of any or too much information about families that were. >> the psychiatrist says a special kind of therapy has been developed for such families. for both generations, fear of loss and speaking about what happened is often the principle problem. >> often it is in group therapy when people sit down with other people you can see others feel the same way. it helps people to see that they're not being overly negative or just failing to come
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to terms with things but that every one who has experienced something like this reacts in the same way. >> nowadays the third generation plays a role. survivors tell their grandchildren more than their own sons and daughters. >> these days the survivors don't want their stories to be lost. that what they wt through doesn't come to an end when they die. they want to pass it on and that's important. >> what happened over 60 years ago is still painful for them. this is a place where they can gain new strength. south asia, the results of a presidential election were
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announced today in sri lanka. a country consumed by decades of civil war until government defeated the separatist group last year. the president there was declared the winner with almost 58% of the vote to 40% for the former army general. but he refused to accept the results claiming election irregularities and saying he would try to have the vote annulled. finally, another look at "avatar." the science fiction blockbuster. it became the highest grossing movie of all time surpassing titanic by making $1.850 billion as of monday. but in china, tom eagleton of abc in australia found that "avatar" has become a victim of its own success. >> reporter: "avatar's" smashed chinese box office records much the same as it has done in many countries. but chinese authorities have
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reacted by banning the film. it will allow a small number to show the movie but it costs much more than the normal version and may end up limiting the numbers to see it. moviegoers spent the weekend trying to get one last look at the film before the ban came into force. >> i wish it could be on for longer. i haven't had a chance to watch the imax version yet. >> reporter: china's film industry said the government is trying to get audiences to go back to watching chinese movies. >> they're trying to balance the market because "avatar's" success surprised everyone. it hasn't just provided the chinese audience with entertainment but shocked the chinese movie industry. >> rorter: there is one locally made movie in particular the government would like to see do well. the government financed a new movie about the life of confucius and it is probably no coincidence that it was on the same weekend that its own big
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budget blockbuster premiered. the bans caused outrage in chinese cyberspace. some bloggers are suggesting "avatar" was pulled because of its plot where the peaceful blue skinned creatures were driven from their home by a merciless mining company. the story has parallels where ordinary people are often forced off their la by violence. the banner reads we are innocent on the planet pandora. abc news, beijing. that is "worldfocus" for this wednesday evening. a reminder to tune in to our weekly radio show. our topic is north korea's crippled economy and the prospects for u.s. economic engagement with north korea. you can find that at "worldfocus".org. i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. we'll see you back here at the
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same time tomorrow. bye-bye. -- captions by vitac -- www.vitac.com major support for "worldfocus" has been provided by rosalind p. walter and the peter g. peterson foundation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsibility and addressing key economic challenges facing america's future. and additional fundi is provided by the following supporters --
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Worldfocus
WHUT January 27, 2010 7:00pm-7:30pm EST

News/Business. Daljit Dhaliwal. (2010) (CC) (Stereo)

TOPIC FREQUENCY Yemen 18, Russia 16, United States 7, Us 7, London 7, Afghanistan 5, Auschwitz 5, U.s. 5, China 4, Iran 4, Obama 3, Washington 3, New York 3, Israel 3, Sergei 3, Abc 2, Peter G. Peterson 2, Dhaliwal 2, Rosalind P. Walter 2, Somalia 2
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